Study on «Domestic Book Trade in Spain 2020»
As it does every year, the Spanish Federation of Publishers’ Guilds has published the study «Domestic Book Trade in Spain 2020».
The study of the Internal Book Trade, which has been prepared by the company Conecta Research & Consulting, constantly analyzes data on the trade of Spanish publishing companies over time. This analysis gives a good but uneven result, which obliges the Federation of Publishers’ Guilds of Spain to follow the whole book world because it is a study that reveals data on the book and not only on the publishing sector, as well as continuing to work to promote reading and books.
The Spanish book sector recorded in 2020 a turnover of 2,439.93 million euros, calculated at cover price, VAT included, which represents a growth of 0.8% more than in 2019. Figure and percentage that in view of the circumstances are considered a success.
Given the complexity of the book world, not all subsectors have behaved in the same way, so it should be noted the 6.6% drop in compulsory education textbooks. Without that decline, the sector’s growth would be 4.6%, almost double that of 2019.
Adult fiction has grown by 2.1%. In children’s and young adult fiction, an extraordinary 17.6%, and in comics, 1.7%. In general, all subsectors except text have grown. However, the fact that not all of them are growing and not all of them are growing with the same intensity and that at constant prices the increase is 1.3%, this figure is still far from the 2011 record, which forces us to redouble our efforts in maintaining the policies designed for the sector by the Association of Spanish Book Chambers, FEDECALI.
El Comercio Interior del Libro gives a complete picture by subsectors, languages, guilds, distribution, live titles, employment, quantitative data that allow the decision to establish public and private policies that improve this wonderful instrument that is the book and reading. This thirty-first edition of the study El Comercio Interior del Libro gathers data on publishing and turnover of private and affiliated publishing companies in Spain, referring to the 2020 financial year.
It attempts to reflect the current situation of the publishing market, as well as the evolution and trends of the sector’s main indicators. The data in the report, obtained through a systematic exploration of the questionnaires sent in by the publishers, details the following main issues for the year in question:
- The overall turnover figure for book sales in the domestic trade, as well as those variables referring to the supply of books and their marketing. Although there is a part of private publishing that is left out of the study, the projections on non-unionized publishers and institutional publishing show that the study represents an amount close to 90% of the book publishing turnover.
- Employment in the sector, the geographical distribution of book production and distribution, the language of publishing, paperback and electronic publishing, the price of books by subject, marketing channels, and the overall amount paid in royalties.
The analysis of the data is always carried out taking into account the turnover group to which the publishing companies belong and the guild with which they are associated. The report has been prepared on the basis of the information provided by the publishing companies that completed the basic research questionnaire.
Sample of the study
The research questionnaire was sent to a total of 730 private publishers who are members of the publishing guild and are engaged in publishing on a continuous basis.
In this edition, 41.2% of the publishers answered the questionnaire. As in previous studies, it should be noted that 72.7% of the companies with the highest turnover (over 18 million euros) responded to the survey, making the sample obtained very representative.
The turnover of these publishers represents 62.8% of the total turnover of the publishing sector in the domestic market in 2020, which gives the data resulting from the study solid reliability.
Classification of companies according to their annual turnover
Based on the companies’ annual turnover, publishers are classified into four main groups. This classification will generally be used in the report:
The Domestic Trade Survey is prepared on the basis of information provided by companies associated with a guild or association of publishers belonging to the Spanish Federation of Publishers’ Guilds. Non-associated private companies, public companies, public administration organizations, non-profit entities, and companies that publish books on an occasional basis have been excluded from the study since they do not meet the requirement of being engaged in book publishing as an exclusive activity or do so only on an occasional basis.
Turnover by dialect
The marketing of books in the different languages, carried out by the guilds with an autonomous language is headed in 2020 by Catalan in Catalonia, with 9.6% of the total turnover of 233.9 million euros. It is followed by Basque, with a weight of 1.4% (33.4 million euros) and Galician with 0.7% of sales (15.9 million euros).
In terms of subject matter, non-fiction, adult fiction, and non-university textbooks accounted for most of the turnover obtained in 2020, although there were some differences between the different sectors.
- In Catalonia, the sale of non-university textbooks in Catalan (45.6%), adult fiction (22.1%), and children’s and young people’s books (18.0%) accounted for 85.7% of total sales in Catalan.
- In Basque, only non-university textbooks (67.3%) and children’s and young readers (20.3%) accounted for 87.6% of the total turnover in Basque.
- In Galician, turnover is mostly distributed between infant and juvenile (35.7%) and non-university Text (33.5%).
- In the Valencian Community, 88.1% of turnover is distributed among the following three areas: non-university text (45.3%), children’s and young adults (30.6%), and adult fiction (12.2%).